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Yucca, Texas Red
Yucca, Texas Red

Yucca, Texas Red

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Yucca, Texas Red 
Scientific Name: Hesperaloe parviflora

History/general species info: also known as red yucca, hummingbird yucca, redflower false yucca and samandoque, is a plant that is native to Chihuahuan desert of west Texas east and south into central and south Texas and northeastern Mexico around Coahuila. 

Characteristics:
Evergreen. Perennial. Low water use. Succulents / Cacti - plants having fleshy leaves or stems that store water. All cacti are succulents. Not all succulents are cacti. Grows in sand, loam, clay, and caliche. Thorns. Flowers not deer resistant. Not a true yucca but a member of the Century-Plant family. Dark green rosette of long, thin leaves rising fountain-like from the base provides an unusual sculptural accent, its long spikes of pink to red to coral bell-shaped flowers last from May through October. Unlike yucca, the leaves are not spine-tipped, and have fibrous threads along the edges. Hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers.

Native:
no; central and west Texas

Flower
: yes; red / seed pod

Planting / Care:
 Exceedingly tough, tolerating extreme heat and cold and needing no attention or supplemental irrigation once established - although many people remove the dried flower stalks in the fall. Deer may browse the foliage and flowers. Flowers attract hummingbirds. Popular in xeriscape landscape design

Size and Spacing: Height:
2-3’  Spread: 2-3’

Light requirement: 
Full sun

Wildlife:
Hummingbirds

Links
:
Aggie Horticulture
https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/ornamentals/nativeshrubs/hesperaloeparviflor.htm

Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center
https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=hepa8

Photo credit: Ernie Edmundson