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Pride of Barbados

Pride of Barbados

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Pride of Barbados
Scientific Name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima

History/general species info: Native to the West Indies - also known as peacock flower, poinciana, red bird of paradise, Mexican bird of paradise, dwarf poinciana or barbados pride. In Mexico, green seed pods are cooked and eaten. The national flower of the Caribbean island of Barbados, and is depicted on the upper left and right corners of the Queen Elizabeth II's personal Barbadian flag. 

Characteristics: Texas Superstar. Deciduous Large tropical, subtropical shrub/small tree. Flowers feature bright, orange-yellow petals with contrasting elongated dark red stamens. Leathery green leaves. Prickles on the stem. Seed pods 2.5-4" long with each containing 8-10 dark brown seeds which split open and eject the seeds when mature. 

Native: no

Flower: yes; yellow and orange

Planting / Care: Fast growing. Drought and salt tolerant. Root hardy to 19 degrees. Stems hardy to 30 degrees. Grows well in all well-drained soils. Low water needs once established. Tolerates pruning well, allowing it to be planted in groups to form a hedgerow. Also used to attract hummingbirds

Size and Spacing: Height: 12’ Spread: 12’

Light requirement:  Sun to part shade

Attracted wildlifehummingbirds and butterflies


Aggie Horticulture

Forest Service: 

Photo credit: Ann Smith