History/general species info: Satsumas are probably the most important citrus in Japan where they are referred to as Unshu mandarins. A number of varieties originated there, the most well-known being 'Owari'. It is of Chinese origin but introduced to the West via Japan.
Characteristics: Texas Super-star*. Evergreen. Semi-seedless and easy-peeling, cold hardy to 20 degrees. Its fruit is one of the sweetest citrus varieties. May be ripe while the skin is still green. The Satsuma represents a breakthrough in home citrus production, and is the first citrus ever recommended virtually statewide by the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension.
Flower: yes; white, very fragrant
Planting / Care: Satsumas are easy to grow if they aren't watered too often. Water only when the soil is dry an inch below the surface. During hot, dry summers, you may need to water every 3 to 4 days. In a wet winter, the plant may go weeks between waterings. A great ground or container plant. Note: If grown in a container it should be transferred to a container at least 20-gallon capacity soon after purchase. See planting/care instructions here.
Size and Spacing: height: 4’- 6’
Pollinator needed to bear fruit: self-pollinating
* Texas Superstar is a registered trademark owned by AgriLife Research, a state agency that is part of the Texas A&M University System. More information about the Texas Superstar program can be found at http://texassuperstar.com/.