History/general species info: Most widespread native elm in Texas. Called Cedar Elm because of the rough, cedar scale-like texture of the leaves. Also known as Cedar Elm, Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, Olmo.
Characteristics: Large deciduous tree. Fast growing. Long living. Tough, adaptable shade tree with excellent drought tolerance and beautiful the leaves turn a golden yellow for fall color. Its leaves are small and rough, and glossy green in the spring. Young trees have corky "wings" on their branches.
Native: No, but is in parts of Texas
Flower: red-brown to red-green
Planting / Care: Large deciduous tree. Fast growing and long living in sand and clay loam. Withstands drought and heavy, infertile soils. Low water requirement once established. Not salt tolerant.
Size and Spacing: Height: 60’ Spread: 50’
Light requirement: Part shade.
Wildlife: Butterflies - The Mourning Cloak and Question Mark butterflies use it for larval food. Birds