History/general species info: Figs are believed to be native to Western Asia and the tropical regions of the Old World Mediterranean where they have been cultivated since at least 5000 BC. Figs first made their way to Europe in the early 1500’s then to Mexico in 1560 and to Virginia in the eastern United States in 1669. The fig is actually a flower that is inverted into itself. Botanically not a single fruit, nearly fifteen hundred tiny fruits make up a fig, giving it its unique texture.
Characteristics: Vigorous, and productive. Ripens early summer, before most other fig varieties. Fruits without pollination. The fruit is small and pear-shaped with ribbed sides. The color ranges from purple to brown, tinged with bronze. The pulp is white or amber colored. Celeste figs are very sweet with a rich, fresh flavor. Adapted to all areas of Texas. Cold-hardiest of all Texas fig varieties. Main crop ripens in mid-June and has a tight closed eye which inhibits the entry of the dried fruit beetle. The fruit does not have excessive souring on the tree. Do not prune mature Celeste trees heavily since this can reduce the crop. Harvest time: June - August.
Flower: yes; inconspicuous
Planting / Care: Prefers enriched, well-drained soil. Water deeply, regularly in the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; reduce frequency, once established. Requires less water in fall and winter, more in the growing season. Provide sheltered spot in colder zones; may die back and re-sprout from roots in spring. Apply fertilizer in spring. For more information click here.
Size and Spacing: Moderate growing; reaches 5 to 10 ft. tall and wide.