Anacacho Orchid Tree Scientific Name: Bauhinia lunarioides
History/general species info: Anancacho orchid tree is rare in Texas, growing only in the Anacacho Mts. west of Uvalde, and one other small site. However, it grows beautifully in our area in shaded locations, and is a favorite of hummingbirds. More common in Mexico. In its native habitat in Texas it grows on rocky limestone canyons, and needs well-drained soils to thrive. Its unique foliage and showy flowers make it a beautiful specimen plant, or as a container plant for small areas. The genus is named after Swiss herbalist brothers, John and Caspar Bauhin (1560-1624) .
Characteristics: 6-12 ft., single or multi-trunkedshrubor smalltreewith small, light green, deeply cleft leaves. Delicate white to pale pink, orchid-like flowers with extendedstamensappear prolifically in clusters.Fruitis a flattened pod. Relatively rapid-growing after first year.
Flower: Fragrant. Delicate white to pink, blooming March-May and can sometimes bloom after heavy summer or fall rains.
Planting / Care: Part shade. Medium heat tolerance. Deer resistant. If want to keep only a single trunk, prune early on. Do not fertilize much, if at all, because it can cause weakness and lankiness and reduce flowering.
Size and Spacing: 6-12 feet tall. 6-10 foot spread. It can be medium to large shrub or a small tree.