History/general species info: Texas ebony makes a great shade tree. It keeps its leaves year-round, produces fragrant blooms each spring, is drought-tolerant once established, and can grow in compacted soil. The seeds can be dried and made into jewelry, and the shells have been used as an alternative to coffee.
Characteristics: Common in the south Texas, growing in sandy to clay loams, and clay. It has dense very dark green foliage and zigzag branches with many spines. It is often a shrub, but can reach 50 feet providing valuable shade.
Flower: white, and appears during the summers months, especially after a rain. These are followed by curved seed pods.
Planting / Care: Full sun, dry to moist sandy soil. Very heat tolerant, but not cold tolerant outside of the zone 9b area.
Native: Native to South Texas
Size and Spacing: Grows to 25-50 ft
Wildlife: Larval host for Coyote Cloudwing butterfly. Attracts butterflies and provides shelter for small birds